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Should the Church Be Patriotic?

Discussing saluting the flag during church services and church support of the government. Answers the question: Should we pray for Read more →

The Prophets- Teachers or Preachers? Part 6

Our English word ?prophet? is, of course, the Greek word ?prophetes.??? The word needs no discussion and the definition is not questioned.? It does not necessarily denote? one who speaks beforehand, though the prophet was believed to be a foreteller of events; nor one who speaks in behalf of another, though the prophet ordinarily spoke in behalf of Deity; but a person who speaks forth, speaks publicly, speaks out the word that ?burns within him.?? When he predicts, he speaks forth a future truth that would otherwise remain unexplained.? When he speaks for another, he speaks forth the message which God has committed to him which would otherwise have remained unknown.? The thing uttered is often a divinely given prediction, but the word ?prophesy? does not signify have to predict and that solely!

?? ???In the Hebrew, the prophet and his functions are described in various terms.? The regular term, the one that is most distinctive, is the noun nabbi.? In our English this usually translates prophet, prophesy, or prophecy.? The fervency of their message is shown in the stem of this verb and demands this definition, ?to boil forth.?? This would give one the idea of a fervid utterance.? The whole of our study will be really a study of meaning of this word.?

???? In our English versions two different Hebrew words are translated ?seer.? (This may be a little technical but the information will be helpful to the use made of the word).?? Of the two, the one most properly used is hhozek.? It is an active verb used in both Hebrew and Aramaic.? In the Aramaic it is the ordinary word for physical seeing, but in the Hebrew it is little used except to express thoughtful insight in connection with prophetic matters.? David?s friend, Gad, is described as a seer in 2 Samuel 24: 11; 1 Chronicles 21: 9; 29:29.? Asaph, Heman, and Jeduthun are severally called seers in 2 Chronicles 29:30; 35:15; and 1 Chronicles 25:5.? The term is applied to Jedo and Iddo, Jehu and Amos, and in some cases where the individual is not mentioned.? This verb is commonly translated ?see.?? It is often used in cases where the object is thought of as something presented to the eye, but it does not have to imply that.? Several different nouns are derived from this word and were used sometimes for ?vision.?? Another word translated ?seer? is the Hebrew word roeh.? This is commonly used to refer to physical seeing.? Prophets spoken of where this word was used were Sameul, Zadok, and Hanani. 1 Samuel 9:9; 2 Samuel 27:2; 2 Chronicles 16:7,10.? ?Mostly, this word is translated ?behold,? ?appear,? leaving the words ?see? and ?vision? for the Hebrew word hhazah.? This verb, in the simple voice, is used of a person beholding something from which a revelation from Deity is given from something common that he beheld.? Ezekiel says; ?the heavens opened themselves, and I beheld divine beholdings.? Ezekiel 1:1 ???In the passive voice, the verb is used of Deity appearing to men for the purpose of revelation.? ?Jehovah appeared to Solomon the second time;? ?the Angel of the Lord appeared? unto Moses at the burning bush.? Genesis 12: 7 ??Interestingly, the way into the mind of the prophet is not declared.? It may denote any form of mental perception, whether through the senses or not.? By way of example: it is like looking in a mirror, a mirror allows us to see or causes one to behold, in the sense of enabling one to see what would otherwise be invisible.? This noun is used only of revelations from Deity.?

???? The phrase ?man of God,? occurs often in the Old Testament as the equivalent of nabbi, and is probably never used except in this sense. ?It is often exchangeable with ?word of the Lord.? Isaiah 2:3; Jonah 1:1; 3:1 or ?saith Jehovah? or ?word of the Spirit.?

The Prophets- Teachers or Preachers? Part 5

Another way God used the prophets was to act as an intercessor.? Priest, of course were the prime intercessors, as they presented sacrifices on behalf of the people but the prophets also served in this capacity.? There are several examples of prophets interceding for the people before God.?

???? Among the early prophets, one may point to the ?man of God? sent to Judah to prophesy against the altar at Bethel.? There King Jeroboam attempted to stop the prophet, but in doing so he found his hand had withered.? ?Immediately he sent for and urged the prophet, ?Entreat now the face of the Lord God and pray for me, that my hand may be restored.? 1 Kings 13:6?? The man of God did as Jeroboam requested, thus serving as an intercessor and the king?s hand was restored. ?Elijah one day interceded on behalf of a dead son of the widow of Zarephath to the end that his life might be returned.? God heard his intercession and brought the boy back to life, much to the joy of his mother. 1 Kings 17:17-24?? In somewhat the same manner, Elisha, a few years later, interceded on behalf of the little son of a Shunammite woman.? The boy had died and his mother had come quickly to Elisha for help.? He went to the house of the mother and there interceded for the child and saw him restored to life, again much to the joy of the mother. 2 Kings 4:18-37.? By the way, these are very good examples to refute the false doctrine of the Jehovah Witnesses about their doctrine of the soul staying in the body in death!!

???? The writing prophets also presented intercession for the people at other times.? Amos, for instance, as he saw the land devoured by locust, cried to God, ?O Lord God, forgive, I beseech Thee, by whom shall Jacob arise?? for he is small.? Amos 7:2??? The text then indicates that, as a result, ?The Lord repented for this? and said to Amos, ?It shall not be.?? In other words, a devastation similar to what Amos had seen brought by the locust would not be brought by the Lord on the people as a result of the prophet?s intercession.? Probably Jeremiah gives more indications of intercessory work that do any of the other prophets.? For instance, he cries out, ?Let mine eyes run down with tears night and day, and let them not cease: for the virgin daughter of my people is broken with a great breach, with a very grievous blow.? Jeremiah 14:17?? Again, he says, ?We acknowledge, O Lord, our wickedness, and the iniquity of our fathers, for we have sinned against Thee.? Do not abhor us; for Thy name?s sake, do not disgrace the throne of Thy glory, remember, break not Thy covenant with us.? Jeremiah 14:20-21?? At times, God even bids Jeremiah not to intercede in behalf of the people.? For instance, in Jeremiah 7:16, God says, ?Pray not thou for this people, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession to Me: for I will not hear thee.? Jeremiah 11:14 ?One of the most famous of the Old Testament prophets who interceded for Israel was Daniel.? Daniel chapters 7-12 records the intercessory praying of Daniel.? ?

???? The prophets were called by God.? Isaiah tells of his calling of God in the vision of the calling.? ?The vision of Isaiah, the son of Amoz (Isaiah 1:1); and the Book of Ezekiel, ?The word of the Lord came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar? Ezekiel 1:1? When Isaiah presents the occasion of his call, at the time he saw God high and lifted up: ?In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and His train filled the temple.?? Later he says, ?Then said I, woe is me for I am undone, because I am a man of unclean lips,? and later, ?Then said I, here am I, send me? Isaiah 6:1-8? In the calling of Jeremiah ?Then the word of the Lord came unto me, saying??.

Should We Salute the Flag? Part 4

Commandment for the church to pray for the governments of men. I Timothy 2:1-8. Visit us at

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Should We Salute the Flag? Part 3

Commandment for the church to pray for the governments of men. I Timothy 2:1-8. Visit us at www.pslchurchofchrist.com to Read more →

Should We Salute the Flag? Part 2

Commandment for the church to pray for the governments of men. I Timothy 2:1-8. Visit us at www.pslchurchofchrist.com to Read more →

The Prophets- Teachers or Preachers? Part 4

Dead externalism in religious practice and mechanical routine in religious thought has caused the downfall of most groups in religion. This is the reason for the new influx of the ?music programs? and ?Pop worship services? in today?s denominational scene. People tend to think of ceremonies as effective in themselves and come to identify the Word of God with those ceremonies. The prophets, realizing that this erroneous viewpoint had already led the people into dead externalism, desired to do nothing which would foster this thinking, such as an undue use of the name Law. Accordingly, they proclaimed the message contained in the Law, without often employing the name, Law. In keeping with this explanation is the fact that the prophets did speak repeatedly against dead externalism in the sanctuary services. Isaiah 1:11-14; Amos 5:21-24 This answers as to why the prophets were not the same as the priest and Levites who taught the Law as a ?lesson? instead of the vibrant exclamation of God?s demands. When the worship services become more of a stage performance and not a vibrant exclamation of faith in Jesus Christ– something is dead somewhere and there is NO place for the Spirit of God to enter these proceedings!!
It is true that though prophets are recognized in the Law, they were not legally prescribed (noted as a necessity) as were the priests. The reason may be found in the point just made, that prophets excited the spirit of urgency in keeping the Law while the priests taught what the Law demanded. They got the heart and soul into the thought of obeying God. Reformers, after all, are needed because of an abnormal situation. The Jewish tabernacle service had wandered away from the proper course and it needed to be brought back to it again. They needed to be reformed to what they once were or at least to what they should have been. The Law was laid down for the ideal and in that ideal state the people could be expected to follow its teachings, but when as was set forth by the priests, the worshippers had tired of its presentation. So then, prophets were a development of sort of an ?emergency squad? and this kept them always at odds with those who never intended to obey God in the first place. It is in keeping with this fact that the recognition given prophets in Deuteronomy 18 does not refer to them in this role of reformers, but only as recipients of divine revelation to answer the questions of the worshipper. Their worship had not been ?in Spirit? and had grown tiring.
God told Jeremiah ?I have set thee for a tower and a fortress among My people, that thou mayest know and try their way.? Jeremiah 6:27 Jeremiah was to be as strong as a tower and a fortress evaluating their hearts, making judgments to determine if they were pleasing to God. The crier would of course follow the Law but the listener had to be made to see if he was acting in a way that was pleasing to his Maker. What would be the state of affairs if men were not in check and that often? Would just a reading of a text do that job? Would a ritual get to the hearts and minds of the worshipper causing them to evaluate their standing with the Holy One of Israel?
Again, the prophet served as a ?watchman? among their own, pointing out the proper conduct and warned of judgment and punishment that might have been overlooked. ?Son of man, I have made thee a watchman unto the house of Israel: therefore hear the word at My mouth and give them warning from Me.? Ezekiel 3:17 God intended the prophet to sound the clarion call so man would not ?die in their sins? It was vital in God?s sight to give this warning call in the face of danger; if He gave the warning and the people did not heed, when they plunged into their death, it would be at their own hands!

The Prophets- Teachers or Preachers? Part 3

A final example to illustrate the need of illustrations is when Jeremiah saw two baskets of figs before the temple of the Lord, Jeremiah 24:1-10.? The one basket had ?very good figs, even like the figs that are first ripe,? and the other had very bad figs, ?which could not be eaten, they were so bad.?? The good figs are described as those that were ?first ripe;? figs that were the first harvested (at the end of June) were a prized fruit.? This God pointed out in Jeremiah concerned the captivity again, but this time in a different sense.? The difference concerned the precise time when Jeremiah saw the figs.? The time was just after Jehoiachin had been taken captive and Zedekiah had been put in his place.? (It is to be remembered that none but a descendant of David was to set on the throne?Zedekiah was not of Judah).?

???? God said the good basket of figs represented those who had just been taken away.? God would set His eyes on these for good in their captivity and bring them again to their own land in due time.? He would build them and not pull them down; He would plant them and not pluck them up.? In contrast, those taken away would suffer hardship would become a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse, in all places where God would drive them, vs.9.? It was a greater blessing to have been taken captive than to have been left in the deserted land.

???? There is a problem that some have voiced and not understood concerning legalism and spiritualism in the Lord?s Church.? The rise in the past 20-40 years of charismatic movements within the Church of Christ should have concerned some of our brethren to a study of just what was causing such a crescendo of emotionalism coming many times in the Colleges where future preachers were being trained!!? In the 17th century the dead worship of Episcopalians gave rise to the extreme emotionalism of the Wesleys, John and Charles, who were Episcopalian priest writhing in the pulpit trying to put a little ?life? in the preaching. ?The results were that they started the Methodist Church.? The latest ?Boston Movement? among the Lord?s people is caused by the same problem?spiritless preaching!!? We must concern ourselves with great emphasis on the teaching of the Word but not to omit the spirit and thrill that must accompany that delivery.? As has been mentioned, the prophets URGED the people to conform their lives to the Law with heart-stirring examples.? The writing prophets have much for us to hear.? Amos cries, ?Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, ?Bring and let us drink.?? Amos 4:1?? Isaiah proclaims ?Woe, unto them that decree unrighteous decrees?to turn aside the needy from judgment, and to take away the right from the poor of My people, that widows may be their prey, and that they may rob the fatherless!? Isaiah 10:1-2?? ?Come, and let us return to the Lord? Hosea 6:1?? Micah pleads, ?Hear ye now what the Lord saith?? Micah 6:1? They went after the HEART with the truth embedded in the message.

???? The prophets plead the cause of the Lord.? Samuel?s came early in life, when he was called upon to tell Eli God?s judgment upon his wayward household (1 Samuel 3:1-18).? His persistent reforming efforts with the people were crowned with success in a clear decision for God on their part at Mizpeh (1 Samuel 7:1-14).? The ?man of God? urged reform to Jereboam (1 Kings 13:1-10), Hanani did the same with Asa.? 2 Chronicles 16:7-9? ?In preaching, the prophets had no ?dead externalism? or acted like robots, they got to the ?heart? in the matter!!. Isaiah 1:11-14; Amos 5:21-24, they allowed the Spirit in the message!!? Truth and Power, delivered, uncovers man?s sins and demands repentance!!

The Prophets- Teachers or Preachers? Part 2

Exploring the purpose of the prophets

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The Prophets- Teachers or Preachers?

Exploring the purpose of the Old Testment prophets

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